Near extremal Schwarzschild-de Sitter black hole area spectrum from quasi-normal modes

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Using the quasi-normal modes frequency of near extremal Schwar-zschild-de Sitter black holes, we obtain area and entropy spectrum for the black hole horizon. By using Bohr-Sommerfeld quantization for an adiabatic invariant I = fdE/w(E), where E is the energy of the system and ω(E) is the vibrational frequency, we arrive at an equally spaced mass spectrum. In the other terms, we extend directly the Kunstatter's approach kun [6] to determine mass and entropy spectrum of near extremal Schwarzschild-de Sitter black holes which are asymptotically de Sitter rather than asymptotically flat. We show the mass and area spectrum is equally spaced only for a fixed l. For different l there are multiplets with different values of spacing.

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