First evidence of polyploidy in Psylloidea (Homoptera, Sternorrhyncha): a parthenogenetic population of Cacopsylla myrtilli (W. Wagner, 1947) from northeast Finland is apomictic and triploid

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Abstract

This paper reports results of the first cytogenetic study of parthenogenetic psyllids, carried out on an asexual population of the holarctic species Cacopsylla myrtilli W. Wagner from northeast Finland. Preparations of mature eggs extracted from females revealed 39 univalent chromosomes in prophase and metaphase cells. Hence, female meiosis is of apomictic type and replaced by a modified mitosis. The karyotype consists of 3n = 39 (36 + XXX). Clearly, the population is triploid, the haploid number being n = 12 + X as characteristic of the genus Cacopsylla as a whole. As typical for Psylloidea, the chromosomes are holokinetic, only slightly varying in size and without any visible markers, rendering impossible the precise identification of triplets of homologous chromosomes in the triploid complement. The distribution of bisexual and parthenogenetic populations of C. myrtilli throughout the world is briefly given, and a possible origin of the triploid parthenogenetic population is discussed.

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