Associations of the FTO rs9939609 variant with discrete body fat depots and dietary intake in a multi-ethnic cohort

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The fat mass and obesity associated (FTO) gene has been implicated with obesity and dietary intake predominantly in European populations. We assessed the association between the FTO rs9939609 variant with body fat distribution and dietary intake in a multi-ethnic population. Aboriginal, Chinese, European and South Asian participants living in Canada (n = 706) were assessed for body fat and inner-abdominal fat using imaging techniques, dietary intake and genotyped for the FTO rs9939609 variant. Linear regression was used to study the associations between the minor allele of the variant and measures of adiposity and dietary intake. Minor allele frequencies were: Aboriginals (17%), Chinese (17%), Europeans (39%) and South Asians (31%). The rs9939609 variant was associated with intake of dietary macronutrients in Aboriginals and Europeans only. In the total population, there were positive associations between the rs9939609 minor allele and greater fat mass (0·94 ± 0·56 kg, P = 0·045), per cent body fat (0·7 ± 0·4%, P = 0·031), relative greater subcutaneous abdominal adipose tissue (4·9 ± 2·8%, P = 0·039) and percent daily calories from fat (0·4 ± 0·2%, P = 0·064). Our findings suggest that the FTO rs9939609 minor allele may be associated with dietary intake in adults and is positively associated with regional fat deposition.

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