Reorientation of three-component borehole magnetic data

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Abstract

Three-component borehole magnetics provide important additional information compared to total field or horizontal and vertical measurements. These data can be used for several tasks such as the localization of ferromagnetic objects, the determination of apparent polar wander curves and the computation of the magnetization of rock units. However, the crucial point in three-component borehole magnetics is the reorientation of the measured data from the tool's frame to the geographic reference frame North, East and Downwards. For this purpose, our tool, the Göttinger Borehole Magnetometer, comprises three orthogonally aligned fibre optic gyros along with three fluxgate sensors. With these sensors, the vector of the magnetic field along with the tool rotation can be recorded continuously during the measurement. Using the high–precision gyro data, we can compute the vector of the magnetic anomaly with respect to the Earth's reference frame. Based on the comparison of several logs measured in the Outokumpu Deep Drill Hole (OKU R2500, Finland), the repeatability of the magnetic field vector is 0.8° in azimuthal direction, 0.08° in inclination and 71 nT in magnitude.

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