|| Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid
In spite of the availability of potent antibiotics and sophisticated diagnostic techniques, pneumonia continues to be a serious problem among elders. Respiratory infections occur frequently and often are complex. Management is complicated by atypical clinical presentations and altered metabolism of pharmacologic agents. Community-acquired pneumonia and nosocomial pneumonia are caused by different organisms but can have similar clinical presentations. Current therapeutic measures and appropriateness of hospitalization are discussed. Via synthesis and application of this material, nurses can maximize positive outcomes by identifying symptoms, individualizing care, and implementing effective preventive education in the acute care setting, as well as in the community.