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Foot and toenail problems are prevalent among older adults. The importance of foot care is often overlooked, however, because the associated problems are often considered to be minor. These “minor” problems often result in unnecessary distress and complications for older adults. This study aims to develop and examine the effects of a foot and toenail care protocol on promoting foot health in older adults. It includes a thorough assessment of foot health, footwear conditions, and specific self-care ability. On the basis of the assessment, an individualized nursing care plan was devised. It has been found that the implementation of the care protocol can help to increase the awareness of nurses and older adults with regard to foot health and that some foot and toenail problems can be identified earlier and better managed.