The Role of the CNA Pain Assessment Tool (CPAT) in the Pain Management of Nursing Home Residents with Dementia

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Implementation and testing of the CPAT in two hundred fifteen dementia residents of three regional skilled nursing facilities. To examine the effect of incorporating the CPAT into an AMDA long-term care pain management clinical practice guideline on nursing home residents with dementia. To evaluate changes in CPAT scores after treatment for pain. A non-randomized pre and post intervention design was used. Main outcome measures of the number of falls, episodes of distressed behavior and rates of antipsychotic usage were compared pre and post CPAT/AMDA guideline implementation. CPAT score changes were calculated after pain management. Falls and verbally aggressive behavior were reduced post intervention but did not achieve statistical significance. Antipsychotic usage declined significantly post intervention. CPAT scores declined significantly after treatment for pain. The implementation of a CPAT/AMDA guideline in skilled nursing facilities may reduce falls, verbally aggressive behaviors and antipsychotic usage in residents with dementia. The CPAT is useful in evaluating the effects of pain treatment in nursing home residents with dementia.

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