CLC and IFNAR1 are differentially expressed and a global immunity score is distinct between early- and late-onset colorectal cancer

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid


Colorectal cancer (CRC) incidence increases with age, and early onset of the disease is an indication of genetic predisposition, estimated to cause up to 30% of all cases. To identify genes associated with early-onset CRC, we investigated gene expression levels within a series of young patients with CRCs who are not known to carry any hereditary syndromes (n = 24; mean 43 years at diagnosis), and compared this with a series of CRCs from patients diagnosed at an older age (n = 17; mean 79 years). Two individual genes were found to be differentially expressed between the two groups, with statistical significance; CLC was higher and IFNAR1 was less expressed in early-onset CRCs. Furthermore, genes located at chromosome band 19q13 were found to be enriched significantly among the genes with higher expression in the early-onset samples, including CLC. An elevated immune content within the early-onset group was observed from the differentially expressed genes. By application of outlier statistics, H3F3A was identified as a top candidate gene for a subset of the early-onset CRCs. In conclusion, CLC and IFNAR1 were identified to be overall differentially expressed between early- and late-onset CRC, and are important in the development of early-onset CRC.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles