Chronic Uveitis Following Neodymium-Doped Yttrium Aluminum Garnet Laser Peripheral Iridotomy

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Purpose:Assessment of a chronic uveitis entity in nonuveitic patients following neodymium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet (Nd:YAG) laser peripheral iridotomy.Methods:A 7-year retrospective observational case series of 5 patients that developed chronic uveitis following a Nd:YAG laser peripheral iridotomy treatment.Results:Five eyes of 5 nonconsecutive patients had developed chronic anterior uveitis lasting >12 weeks. Four patients were female, with a mean age of 60.3 years (range, 48 to 83 y), and a mean follow-up duration of 8 months after initiation of treatment.Conclusions:Chronic anterior uveitis should be addressed as a possible risk in patients undergoing Nd:YAG laser iridotomies. A larger prospective study would be necessary in establishing and exploring the association between these 2 entities.

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