New sialyltransferase inhibitors based on CMP-quinic acid: development of a new sialyltransferase assay

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Quinic acid (4) was transformed into phosphitamides 6, 14, and 15, which could be readily linked to 5′-O-unprotected cytidine derivative 7; ensuing oxidation of the obtained phosphite triesters with tert-butylhydroperoxide furnished the corresponding phosphate triesters 8, 16, and 17, respectively. Hydrogenolytic debenzylation of the phosphate moiety, base catalysed removal of acetyl protective groups, and basic hydrolysis of the methylester of the quinic acid moiety furnished CMP-Neu5Ac analogues 1-3. In order to measure their inhibition of sialyltransferases, a nonradioactive sialyltransferase assay [employed for α(2-6)-sialyltransferase from rat liver (EC] based on reversed-phase HPLC separation of UV-abelled acceptor 20 (p-nitrophenyl glycoside of N-acetyllactosamine) from the UV-labelled product 21 (p-nitrophenyl glycoside of sialyl α(2-6′)-N-acetyllactosamine) and p-nitrophenylalanine as internal standard was developed. The assay reproduced the reported KM values for CMP-Neu5Ac and N-acetyllactosamine and the Ki values for CDP. 1 and 2 turned out to be potent sialyltransferase inhibitors. © 1998 Rapid Science Ltd

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