Strict order of (Fuc to Asn-linked GlcNAc) fucosyltransferases forming core-difucosylated structures

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Abstract

In insect cells fucose can be either α1,6- or α1,3-linked to the asparagine-bound GlcNAc residue of N-glycans. Difucosylated glycans have also been found. Kinetic studies and acceptor competition experiments demonstrate that two different enzymes are responsible for this α1,6- and α1,3-linkage of fucose. Using dansylated acceptor substrates a strict order of these enzymes can be established for the formation of difucosylated structures. First, the α1,6-fucosyltransferase catalyses the transfer of fucose into α1,6-linkage to the non-fucosylated acceptor and then the α1,3-fucosyltransferase completes the difucosylation. © 1998 Rapid Science Ltd

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