Evidence for a site-specific fucosylation of N-linked oligosaccharide of immunoglobulin A1 from normal human serum

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Glycopeptides containing the N-linked oligosaccharide from human serum IgA1 were analyzed by matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOFMS). Two glycopeptides, GP1 and GP2, prepared from the endoproteinase Asp-N digest of the IgA1 heavy chain, were derived from the CH2 domain (N-glycan site at Asn263) and the tailpiece portion (N-glycan site at Asn459), respectively. The structure of the attached sugar chain was deduced from the mass number of the glycopeptide and confirmed by a two-dimensional mapping technique for a pyridylaminated oligosaccharide. GP1 was composed of two major components having a fully galactosylated bianntena sugar chain with or without a bisecting N-acetylglucosamine (GlcNAc) residue. On the other hand, the GP2 fraction corresponded to the glycopeptides having a fully galactosylated and fucosylated bianntena sugar chain partly bearing a bisecting GlcNAc residue. Thus, the site-specific fucosylation of the N-linked oligosaccharide on the tailpiece of the α1 chain became evident for normal human serum IgA1.

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