Panosialins, inhibitors of an α1,3-fucosyltransferase Fuc-TVII, suppress the expression of selectin ligands on U937 cells

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Panosialins A and B were isolated as inhibitors of an α1,3-fucosyltransferase, Fuc-TVII, which is a key enzyme in the biosynthesis of selectin ligands, from culture broth of Streptomyces sp. Panosialins A and B inhibited the Fuc-TVII activity with IC50 values of 4.8 and 5.3 μg/ml, respectively. Panosialin A suppressed expression of selectin ligands on U937 cells, and inhibited the cell adhesion to immobilized E-selectin-immunoglobulin. Panosialins are the first reported Fuc-TVII inhibitors which can suppress the biosynthesis of selectin ligands and then inhibit selectin-mediated cell adhesion.

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