Three-quarters of patients who undergo total hip replacement (THR) receive postsurgical rehabilitation care in an inpatient rehabilitation facility (IRF), a skilled nursing facility (SNF), or through a home health agency. The objectives of this study are to examine racial differences where THR recipients receive postsurgical rehabilitation care and determine whether discharge destination is associated with hospital readmission.Methods:
Using the Pennsylvania Health Care Cost Containment Council database, we selected African American (AA) or white adults who underwent THR surgery (n = 68,016). We used multinomial logistic regression models to assess the relationship between race and postsurgical discharge destination. We calculated 90-day hospital readmission as function of discharge destination.Results:
Among patients <65 years, compared to whites, AAs had a higher risk of discharge to an IRF (adjusted relative risk ratio [aRRR]: 2.56, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.77-3.71) and a SNF (aRRR 3.37, 95% CI: 2.07-5.49). Among those ≥65 years, AA patients also had a higher risk of discharge to an IRF (aRRR: 1.96, 95% CI: 1.39-2.76) and a SNF (aRRR: 3.66, 95% CI: 2.29-5.84). Discharge to either IRF or SNF, instead of home with self-care, was significantly associated with higher odds of 90-day hospital readmission (<65 years: adjusted odds ratio [aOR]: 4.06, 95% CI: 3.49-4.74; aOR: 2.05, 95% CI: 1.70-2.46, respectively; ≥65 years: aOR: 4.32, 95% CI: 3.67-5.09, respectively; aOR: 1.74, 95% CI: 1.46-2.07, respectively).Conclusions:
Compared to whites, AAs who underwent THR were more likely to be discharged to an IRF or SNF. Discharge to either facility was associated with a higher risk of hospital readmission.