Hyperpolarization-activated, cyclic nucleotide-gated HCN2 cation channel forms a protein assembly with multiple neuronal scaffold proteins in distinct modes of protein–protein interaction

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Hyperpolarization-activated cation currents, termed Ih, are non-uniformly distributed along dendritic arbors with current density increasing with increasing distance from the soma. The non-uniform distribution of Ih currents contributes to normalization of location-dependent variability in temporal integration of synaptic input, but the molecular basis for the graded HCN distribution remains to be investigated. The hyperpolarization-activated, cyclic nucleotide-gated cation channels (HCNs) underlie Ih currents and consist of four members (HCN1-HCN4) of the gene family in mammals. In this investigation, we report that HCN2 forms a protein assembly with tamalin, S-SCAM and Mint2 scaffold proteins, using several different approaches including immunoprecipitation of rat brain and heterologously expressing cell extracts and glutathione S-transferase pull-down assays. The PDZ domain of tamalin interacts with HCN2 at both the PDZ-binding motif and the internal carboxy-terminal tail of HCN2, whereas binding of the PDZ domain of S-SCAM occurs at the cyclic nucleotide-binding domain (CNBD) and the CNBD-downstream sequence of the carboxy-terminal tail of HCN2. A protein assembly between HCN2 and Mint2 is formed by the interaction of the munc18-interacting domain of Mint2 with the CNBD-downstream sequence of HCN2. The results demonstrate that HCN2 forms a protein complex with multiple neuronal scaffold proteins in distinct modes of protein–protein interaction.

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