PTH-136 A Myriad of Causes for Diarrhoea in Patients Presenting at a Giant (Gi and Nutrition Team) Clinic in a Cancer Centre

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid

Abstract

Introduction

Better cancer treatments have led to enormous improvements in the outcomes for these patients with the result that the overall number of survivors of cancer therapy continues to grow. However, after cancer treatment, up to 50% patients are left with diarrhoea - the most prevalent symptom. Causes are likely to encompass several contributing GI diagnoses.

Methods

A service evaluation was conducted of new patients attending our clinic, reporting diarrhoea after treatment for cancer. All patients attending the clinic completed a patient recorded outcome measure describing their symptoms and a Bristol Stool Chart describing stool type. They were investigated using a peer reviewed investigational and management algorithm. Patient characteristics, symptom incidence and severity were recorded prospectively.

Results

Over a 6 month period (July - Dec 2012), 207 patients were newly referred to the GIANTs. Of those, 104 (50%) reported diarrhoea (type 6 or 7 Bristol Stool Chart). In this group there were slightly more men (52%) than women (48%). Their median age was 62 years (range: 22–89). Primary tumour sites included urological cancer (34% - 82% of these prostate), gynaecological (22%), colorectal (20%), upper GI (10%), haematological (8%), and other (6%). 69% had undergone pelvic radiotherapy, 48% had been treated with surgery or received chemotherapy. 12% received pelvic radiotherapy alone, 6% surgery and 3% chemotherapy alone. Over a quarter (29%) received all 3 treatment modalities.

Results

Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth was found in 49%. Bile acid malabsorption was newly diagnosed in 33% of patients. Weak pelvic floor musculature was a contributing factor in 20%. 13% were diagnosed with new pancreatic insufficiency. Excess fibre intake (>20g/day) was a contributory factor in 11% and Lansoprazole in up to 9% of patients. Other factors included: thyroid problems (9%), anal fissure (5%), rectal ulceration (5%), faecal loading (5%) and new onset Inflammatory Bowel Disease (3%). A colorectal polyp was found in 16% of patients, 1 patient had a new colorectal cancer and 2 had a GI stricture.

Results

80% of patients had multiple causes for their diarrhoea. Most patients were discharged with a significant improvement in their symptoms with a median of 4 consultations (range 1–7) after systematic assessment and targeted management of the causes for their symptoms.

Conclusion

Diarrhoea after cancer treatment is frequent in the patient cohort seen in our clinic. Several GI causes contribute to diarrhoea simultaneously in most patients but the majority can be discharged after a small number of consultations with a significant improvement or full resolution of their symptom if a systematic investigational and treatment approach is adopted.

Disclosure of Interest

None Declared.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles