To test whether an increase in Doppler myocardial performance index (MPI) during dobutamine stress echocardiography, reflecting deterioration of overall left ventricular function, is associated with increased N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-pro-BNP) concentration and provides prognostic information beyond conventional systolic wall motion analysis after acute myocardial infarction (AMI).Design:
Prospective, observational study.Methods:
Dobutamine–atropine stress echocardiography (DASE) and NT-pro-BNP were assessed five days after AMI in 109 consecutive patients. MPI was measured at rest and at low-dose (10 μg/kg/min) and peak dobutamine infusion (≤ 40 μg/kg/min with or without atropine).Main outcome measures:
End point was a composite of cardiac death or readmission for heart failure or reinfarction.Results:
In 35 patients (32%), MPI increased at low-dose DASE. This was associated with higher NT-pro-BNP concentrations (β = 0.30, p = 0.004). During a mean follow up of 27 (SD 7) months, 8 patients died of cardiac causes and 15 patients were readmitted for heart failure or reinfarction. On Cox regression analysis, an increase in MPI at low-dose DASE (p = 0.02) was an independent predictor of cardiac events. In contrast, traditional wall motion analysis during DASE provided no additional prognostic information.Conclusions:
An increase in MPI at low-dose DASE, reflecting early deterioration of overall left ventricular function, is associated with raised NT-pro-BNP concentration and provides prognostic information beyond conventional stress echocardiographic data after AMI.