Cardiac steatosis in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy

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Abstract

Objective

Ectopic fat accumulation within and around the heart has been related to increased risk of heart disease. Limited data exist on cardiac adiposity in subjects with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). The aim of the study was to examine the components of cardiac steatosis and their relationship to LV structure and function in non-diabetic DCM patients.

Methods

Myocardial and hepatic triglyceride (TG) contents were measured with 1.5 T magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS), and LV function, visceral adipose (VAT) and abdominal subcutaneous tissue (SAT), epicardial and pericardial fat by MRI in 10 non-diabetic men with DCM and in 20 controls.

Results

In face of comparable intra-abdominal fat depots, myocardial TG [0.41% (0.21–2.19) vs 0.86% (0.31–2.24), p=0.038] was markedly lower and epicardial (895 mm2±110 vs 664 mm2±180, p=0.002) and pericardial fat [2173 mm2 (616–3673) vs 1168 mm2 (266–2319), p=0.039] depots were larger in patients with DCM compared with controls. In subjects with DCM, the LV global function index was decreased to a greater extent than the LV EF [21%±6 vs 34% (16–40)].

Conclusions

Myocardial TG content decreased and epicardial and pericardial fat depots increased in non-diabetic subjects with DCM. Although recognised as a site of ectopic fat accumulation, the derangement of myocardial TG seems to play a specific role in the myocardial energy metabolism in congestive heart failure.

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