A novel troponin I rule-out value below the upper reference limit for acute myocardial infarction

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Abstract

Objective

To determine cut-off values for a recently introduced high sensitive cardiac troponin assay (hs-cTnI) which provide similar sensitivity, specificity, negative predictive value (NPV) and positive predictive value (PPV) for acute myocardial infarction (AMI) as known cut-off values for an hs-cTnT assay.

Methods

A prospective observational study was performed. Hs-cTnT (Roche) and hs-cTnI (Abbott) were measured in consecutive patients with symptoms suggestive of AMI. Representative measurements (obtained at least 3 h after chest pain has started) and serial measurements with a time delay between 2.5 h and 4.5 h were used to determine cut-off levels. Two independent clinicians adjudicated the final diagnosis.

Results

1490 patients were included in the study of whom 114 (8%) received a final diagnosis of AMI. Receiver operating characteristics analysis showed no statistically significant differences in the areas under the curve between the two assays. Cut-off values for representative hs-TnI were found to be as follows: rule-out: 10 ng/L (sensitivity: 98.2%; 95% CI 95.7% to 100.0% and NPV: 99.8%; 99.5% to 100.0%); rule-in: 70 ng/L (specificity: 90.8%; 89.3% to 92.4% and PPV: 39.7%; 36.1% to 43.3%). For serial measurements we found a Δ rule-out cut-off value of 20 ng/L (sensitivity: 94.9%; 88.0% to 100.0% and NPV: 98.7%; 96.9% to 100.0%) and Δ rule-in cut-off values of 100 ng/L (specificity: 92.7%; 87.9% to 95.8% and PPV: 57.6%; 39.4% to 74.0%) and 300% (specificity: 93.8%; 90.4% to 97.2% and PPV: 61.3%; 51.1% to 71.5%).

Conclusions

Cut-off values for hs-cTnI measurements are determined which allow a similar diagnostic classification as compared with hs-cTnT. Importantly, for a rule-out paradigm this cut-off value is unmistakably lower than the upper reference limit.

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