The health care industry in the United States has undergone many changes in recent years. One problem facing employers in this industry is the threat of unionization. The article examines union election activity since 1980 in hospitals, nursing homes, and other types of health care employers. Variance in the union victory rate was found over time and across the different sectors of the industry, types of employees involved, union involved, and sizes of the bargaining unit. The effects of geographic location and type of ownership are investigated. Decertification elections are also examined.