ROLE OF INTRATUMORAL LYMPHATIC VESSELS IN THE LYMPH NODE DISSEMINATION OF LARYNGOPHARYNGEAL SQUAMOUS CELL CARCINOMA


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Abstract

BackgroundThe development of new markers for lymphatic endothelium allowed the study of intratumoral lymphatic microcirculation, as well as its association with lymph node metastasis.MethodsIn all, 120 patients with laryngopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LPSCC) without previous treatment were retrospectively studied. The immunohistochemical determination of PA2.26 antigen/podoplanin was used to assess intratumoral lymphatic vessels (ILVs) in the primary tumor.ResultsMultivariate analysis revealed that lymph node metastasis was associated with tumor location (p = .001), differentiation grade (p = .02), and ILV (p = .013). Hypopharyngeal and supraglottic locations, poor grade of differentiation, and ILV, respectively, increased the risk of developing lymph node metastasis 13.5-, 4.7-, 5.2-, and 3.2-fold.ConclusionsIn our series, the presence of ILV in the primary tumor was an independent risk factor for the development of lymph node metastasis. The incorporation of ILV assessment into routine clinicopathological study might improve the evaluation of patients with LPSCC. © 2009 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Head Neck, 2010

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