Adipofascial perforator flaps for “aesthetic” head and neck reconstruction

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BackgroundMost head and neck reconstructions are performed for wound closure or functional rehabilitation with aesthetic restoration being an important but secondary consideration.MethodsContour deformities in 40 patients undergoing head and neck resections were reconstructed immediately with adipofascial perforator flaps, including 37 anterolateral thigh and 3 deep inferior epigastric perforator flaps.ResultsReconstructions could be grouped into 1 of 3 defect areas: temporal fossa (n = 3), malar cheek (n = 13), and parotid-mastoid (n = 24). The mean time needed for reconstruction in excess of the oncologic resection was 3.1 hours. There were no flap losses. In no case did a complication delay adjuvant therapy and no patient experienced a decrease in level of activity related to donor site morbidity.ConclusionImmediate restoration of facial contour with adipofascial perforator flaps is warranted in head and neck oncologic patients to help improve self-image and maintain quality of life. Head Neck, 2010

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