t(3;8) as the sole chromosomal abnormality in a myoepithelial carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma: A putative progression event

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Background.Carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma (Ca ex-PA) is defined as a carcinoma arising from a primary (de novo) or recurrent benign pleomorphic adenoma (PA).Methods.We present a parotid myoepithelial carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma in a 38-year-old man with a t(3;8)(p21;q13) as the only chromosomal alteration by cytogenetic and spectral karyotypic analysis (SKY).Results.The finding of this translocation in a subset of PA and in the present case suggests a critical role for this event in the malignant transformation of PA.Conclusions.Collectively, both the cytogenetic and the molecular studies suggest the concept that PA lacking alterations pursue a benign behavior, whereas those with the t(3;8) translocation may progress to carcinoma.

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