Surgical management of bilateral parotid lipomatosis in a patient with HIV


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Abstract

BackgroundThe long-term use of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) has led to sequelae including lipodystrophy syndrome (LDS). We present the first published case of surgical management of bilateral parotid lipomatosis in a patient with HIV on long-term HAART.MethodsWe undertook review of the case notes from the time of diagnosis with HIV and literature review of this topic.ResultsA 45-year-old man with HIV on HAART presented with a 4-year history of increasing bilateral facial swelling. He was asymptomatic apart from the stigmatizing cosmetic deformity. MRI revealed the parotid glands had been replaced by fat. He elected for surgery and parotid lipomatosis was diagnosed on histopathological examination.ConclusionLipohypertrophy in LDS is rare in the literature and this presentation of bilateral parotid lipomatosis secondary to HAART is only the third reported case, and the first to undergo surgical resection. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Head Neck, 2013

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