Clinical utility of the modified Glasgow prognostic score in patients with advanced head and neck cancer

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Abstract

Background.

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prognostic potential of the modified Glasgow prognostic score (mGPS), known to reflect the degree of tumor-associated inflammation and cancer cachexia, in patients with advanced head and neck cancer.

Methods.

Patients with advanced head and neck cancer treated at the University of Tsukuba Hospital between January 2002 and December 2011 were retrospectively evaluated. They were categorized by their mGPS.

Results.

A total of 210 patients were enrolled in this study. Patients with an mGPS of 0 had better overall survival and disease-free survival than did those with an mGPS of 1 or 2. Multivariate analysis revealed that the mGPS was a significant risk factor for overall survival and disease-free survival.

Conclusions.

Our results suggest that the mGPS is useful for predicting outcome in patients with advanced head and neck cancer and should be included in their routine clinical assessment. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Head Neck37: 1745–1749, 2015

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