Enteral glutamine supplementation in surgical patients with head and neck malignancy: A randomized controlled trial

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Abstract

Background.

Glutamine supplementation is a novel approach to perioperative nutritional management.

Methods.

This study was a prospective randomized clinical trial of effects of enteral glutamine supplementation in surgical patients with head and neck malignancy in a tertiary center. This study measured the effects of supplementation within 4 weeks of the postoncologic surgical period in relation to fat-free mass, serum albumin, and quality of life scores.

Results.

The study population consisted of 44 patients. There was significant difference in serum albumin (p < .001), fat-free mass (p < .001), and quality of life scores (p < .05) between control and interventional groups. Significant correlation exists between fat-free mass and quality of life score difference in our study population (p < .05).

Conclusion.

Enteral glutamine supplementation significantly improves fat-free mass, serum albumin, and quality of life scores postoperatively and maintenance of lean body mass correlated with improved postoperative outcomes in terms of the patient's quality of life. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Head Neck37: 1799–1807, 2015

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