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Implementation of research evidence into clinical practice is a complex and dynamic process that has become the subject of investigation in the field of “translation science” or “knowledge utilization.” Research shows how individuals, units, and organizations all influence the rate and extent of adoption of research evidence. Environmental factors also play an important role in this process. This article summarizes key lessons from translation science and examines the implications for the organization and delivery of home healthcare. The implementation of pain management guidelines is used as an example.