Production of Reactive Oxygen Species in Peripheral Blood is Increased in Individuals with Helicobacter pylori Infection and Decreased after its Eradication

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Abstract

Background

Helicobacter pylori infection has been reported to cause gastroduodenal ulcer, mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma, and gastric cancer. Recent studies have suggested that H. pylori infection may also associate with other diseases, including hematologic and dermatologic disorders, and cardiovascular injury, by unknown mechanisms.

Methods

Production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) was determined in peripheral blood samples from 86 patients (34 H. pylori-negative and 52 H. pylori-positive subjects) using a highly sensitive chemiluminescence probe, L-012 (8-amino-5-chloro-7-phenylpyrido(3,4-d) pyridazine-1 and 4 (2H, 3H) dione). Eleven H. pylori-positive individuals were also analyzed their ROS production in peripheral blood after H. pylori eradication.

Results

ROS production was significantly higher in individuals with H. pylori infection than in those without infection. Enhanced production of ROS was decreased significantly after eradication of H. pylori. No correlation was found between the extent of ROS production and sex, age, smoking status, alcohol ingestion, use of medications, or serum level of C-reactive protein.

Conclusion

These findings suggest that ROS production was enhanced in peripheral blood by H. pylori infection. Chemiluminescence analysis of blood samples using L-012 permits evaluation of systemic oxidative stress in patients with H. pylori infection.

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