Family partnership and education interventions to reduce dietary sodium by patients with heart failure differ by family functioning

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Determine if family functioning influences response to family-focused interventions aimed at reducing dietary sodium by heart failure (HF) patients.


Lowering dietary sodium by HF patients often occurs within the home and family context.


Secondary analysis of 117 dyads randomized to patient and family education (PFE), family partnership intervention (FPI) or usual care (UC). Dietary sodium measures were obtained from 3-day food record and 24-h urine samples.


In the poor family functioning groups, FPI and PFE had lower mean urine sodium than UC (p < .05) at 4 months, and FPI remained lower than UC at 8 months (p < .05). For good family functioning groups, FPI and PFE had lower mean sodium levels by 3-day food record at 4 and 8 months compared to the UC group.


Optimizing family-focused interventions into HF clinical care maybe indicated.

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