Depression screening and treatment recall in male and female coronary artery disease inpatients: Association with symptoms one year later

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Abstract

Background

This study examined whether cardiac inpatients recall depression screening and how it is related to depressive symptoms and treatment one year later.

Methods

2635 cardiac inpatients from 11 hospitals completed a survey and were mailed a follow-up survey one year later; both surveys included the BDI-II.

Results

Of the 1809 (68.7%) retained participants, 513 (30.0%) recalled depression screening. Recall was not significantly related to depressive symptoms at either time point (P > 0.05). Participants who were recommended antidepressants had higher BDI-II scores than those who were not, both as inpatients (P < 0.01) and one year later (P < 0.05). There was no significant change in depressive symptoms over time in patients who received any type of therapy.

Conclusion

Less than one-third of cardiac inpatients recalled being screened for depression. Recall of screening was not significantly related to depressive symptoms, and use of treatment was related to greater symptoms.

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