Asymptomatic ST elevation myocardial infarction

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Abstract

Background:

A 71-year-old non-smoking female with a history of diabetes, hypertension, hyperlipidemia and end-stage renal disease presented to the emergency department for right leg pain due to an ankle fracture.

Case:

The patient's initial electrocardiogram (ECG) revealed ST segment elevations in the anterior leads. She denied any chest pain, shortness of breath, fatigue, lightheadedness, palpitations, nausea or diaphoresis. Her initial laboratory Troponin I resulted 35.9 ng/mL. Coronary catheterization demonstrated 99% occlusion of the left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery. The patient had 2 drug eluting stents placed in the LAD with 10% residual stenosis.

Conclusion:

Although witnessing an ongoing asymptomatic ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is rare, this case highlights the importance of early revascularization when the ECG demonstrates a STEMI, even in the absence of symptoms for patients at risk for silent myocardial infarctions.

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