Sequential therapy with activated prothrombin complex concentrate and recombinant factor VIIa in patients with severe haemophilia and inhibitors

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Abstract

Summary

Patients with haemophilia and inhibitors have bleeding episodes that can be refractory to home therapy with either activated prothrombin complex concentrate (APCC) or recombinant factor VIIa (rFVIIa). Sequential therapy with these products has not been widely used because of concern regarding the possibility of thrombosis. This report describes the results of a retrospective chart review of five hospitalized children with severe haemophilia and inhibitors who have been treated with sequential doses of APCC and rFVIIa for refractory bleeding. These patients all had failed home therapy with APCC and rFVIIa alone. A total of 20 admissions were documented covering 170 hospital days, including 91 days of combination therapy. While being closely monitored in the hospital, they received alternating doses of APCC and rFVIIa every 6 h. Anywhere from one to three doses of rFVIIa were given every 2 h between APCC doses. Doses of APCC ranged from 35 to 80 U kg−1 dose−1, and doses of rFVIIa ranged from 80 to 225 mcg kg−1 dose−1. There was no clinical or laboratory evidence of thrombosis, thrombocytopenia, or disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC). We found the combination of these factors to be safe and effective for patients with refractory bleeds. However, we recommend this aggressive therapy only in the inpatient setting with careful monitoring of the physical examination and frequent laboratory screening to assess for thrombosis and DIC, and without the concurrent use of antifibrinolytic medications.

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