Disorders of menstruation and their effect on the quality of life in women with congenital factor VII deficiency

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Abstract

Aims and objectives

To review menstrual problems in women with congenital FVII deficiency and to study their effect on the quality of life during menstruation in women with congenital FVII deficiency.

Method

14 women with congenital factor VII deficiency registered with the Haemophilia Centre at the Royal Free Hospital were interviewed and their case notes reviewed. All women completed Pictorial Blood assessment Chart (PBAC) for assessment of menstrual blood loss and a quality of life questionnaire during menstruation. Similar questionnaire and PBAC was completed by an age matched healthy control group of 23 women.

Results

Median age of study group was 35 yrs and of control group 34 yrs. Median FVII level of the study group was 31.5 IU/dL Two women had severe FVII deficiency (FVII level < 10 IU/dL) and 12 women had mild-moderate FVII deficiency. 57% women (8/14) from study group had menorrhagia (PBAC score > 100) compared with 17% (4/23) women from the control group. Six women (43%) from the study group were diagnosed with anaemia due to heavy periods, compared to two (9%) in the control group. The quality of life scores during menstruation were significantly worse in the women with FVII deficiency, compared to controls.

Conclusion

Women with factor VII deficiency exhibit a spectrum of bleeding symptoms, menorrhagia being one of the commonest symptoms. This has adverse effect on their quality of life.

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