Haemophilia A (HA) and haemophilia B (HB) are the most common X-linked inherited bleeding disorders. It is important to detect the carrier women in families with HA/HB and subsequent antenatal diagnosis of confirmed carriers. This study consists of 102 HA families which include 68 mothers for prenatal diagnosis and 107 female relatives for carrier diagnosis, and 29 HB families which include 16 mothers and 31 female relatives respectively. The rapid fluorescent PCR with two groups of different combined polymorphism markers was applied for linkage analysis in HA and HB families respectively. The Amelogenin gene was added to help the detection of gender diagnosis. Gene sequencing was also used to detect the mutations directly. There were 37 causative F8C mutations (23 novel) and 24 causative F9C mutations (eight novel) found in this cohort of patients. Few of the women could not be diagnosed due to homologous recombination and/or inability to locate the mutation. Complicated cases have been found in some families. With regard to carrier and prenatal diagnosis, it was considered that genetic diagnosis by linkage analysis and direct sequencing was successful. Some special families might require combination of the linkage analysis and gene sequence for a successful diagnosis. New intragenic SNP and STR sites special to Chinese population need to be discovered.