Pro- and anticoagulant factors facilitate thrombin generation and balance the haemostatic response to FEIBA® in prophylactic therapy

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FEIBA® consists of zymogens and traces of activated forms of procoagulant factors II, VII, IX, X, anticoagulants protein C and TFPI, and small amounts of cofactors FV, FVIII and protein S, in a balanced ratio. As shown previously, FII-FXa complex plays a key role in FEIBA's mode of action (MoA).


Thrombin generation (TG) was measured by spiking coagulation factors, cofactors and inhibitors to high titer FVIII inhibitor plasma, and in plasma samples from patients in a phase 3 clinical study evaluating the safety and efficacy of FEIBA prophylaxis in haemophilia A patients with inhibitors.


Increasing the FXa/FII ratio improved TG, while adding coagulation enzyme components had a negligible effect. Adding FX, FIX, and FVII increased the peak thrombin and decreased the lag time. The presence of FV and phospholipids led to faster TG, while protein C and protein S reduced the amount of peak thrombin. TFPI appeared to have no effect. Patients on prophylaxis with FEIBA® showed higher peak thrombin and AUC with elevated FII, FX, FIX, FVIIa, and protein C levels, and experienced significantly less bleeding episodes than those receiving on-demand treatment.


These experiments showed that although the FII-FXa complex induced immediate thrombin formation on the activated platelet surface, other procoagulant components of FEIBA were necessary to achieve an optimal thrombin burst. The presence of the pro- and anti-coagulants in FEIBA provides a haemostatic balance, and is thus expected to prevent thrombotic events. Recent clinical data verified the postulated MoA of FEIBA in prophylaxis treatment.

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