Comparison of diagnostic accuracy of aspartate aminotransferase to platelet ratio index and fibrosis-4 index for detecting liver fibrosis in adult patients with chronic hepatitis B virus infection: A systemic review and meta-analysis

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Abstract

The aspartate aminotransferase-to-platelet ratio index (APRI) and fibrosis index based on the four factors (Fibrosis 4 index; FIB-4) are the two most widely studied noninvasive tools for assessing liver fibrosis. Our aims were to systematically review the performance of APRI and FIB-4 in hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection in adult patients and compare their advantages and disadvantages. We examined the diagnostic accuracy of APRI and FIB-4 for significant fibrosis, advanced fibrosis, and cirrhosis based on their sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, and area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUROC). Heterogeneity was explored using metaregression. Our systemic review and meta-analysis included 16 articles of APRI only, 21 articles of APRI and FIB-4 and two articles of FIB-4 for detecting different levels of liver fibrosis. With an APRI threshold of 0.5, 1.0, and 1.5, the sensitivity and specificity values were 70.0% and 60.0%, 50.0% and 83.0%, and 36.9% and 92.5% for significant fibrosis, advanced fibrosis, and cirrhosis, respectively. With an FIB-4 threshold of 1.45 and 3.25, the sensitivity and specificity values were 65.4% and 73.6% and 16.2% and 95.2% for significant fibrosis. The summary AUROC values using APRI and FIB-4 for the diagnosis of significant fibrosis, advanced fibrosis, and cirrhosis were 0.7407 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.7033–0.7781) and 0.7844 (95% CI: 0.7450–0.8238; (Z= 1.59,P= 0.06), 0.7347 (95% CI: 0.6790–0.7904) and 0.8165 (95% CI: 0.7707–0.8623;Z= 2.01,P= 0.02), and 0.7268 (95% CI: 0.6578–0.7958) and 0.8448 (95% CI: 0.7742–0.9154; (Z= 2.34,P= 0.01), respectively.Conclusions: Our meta-analysis suggests that APRI and FIB-4 can identify hepatitis B-related fibrosis with a moderate sensitivity and accuracy. (Hepatology 2015;61:292–302)

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