An Estimation of the Genetically Significant Dose from Diagnostic Radiology for the South African Population, 1990–1991

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The genetically significant dose was initially defined by UNSCEAR in 1958. The National Radiological Protection Board (NRPB) derived a formula from this definition as shown in the NRPB Report, NRPB-R106. It combines the frequency of radiological examinations obtained during the country-wide survey and estimates of gonadal doses for different examination types, together with population and child expectancy data. The task was set to find a model in order to draw the best representative sample of the population, and it was determined in a unique way, namely the so-called Dollar Unit Sampling method. A sample of 27 institutions out of a possible 292 (9%) was drawn. The GSD for the total South African population was calculated, using the above-mentioned formula, as 95 uGy. The breakdown of the genetically significant dose for the various South African race groups was Asian-229 uGy; black-67 uGy; people of color (mixed race)-112 uGy; and white- 463 uGy.

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