Total Ambient Dose Equivalent Buildup Factors for Portland Concrete

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Abstract

In this work, total ambient dose equivalent buildup factors for Portland concrete slabs are calculated using Monte Carlo n-particle software MCNP6™. Buildup factor calculations could approach intractable solutions in general as they depend on a large number of variables. These include geometry, source energy, and the composition of the shield (which itself can be heterogeneous). In this work, 252Cf and americium-beryllium sources are considered, as well as monoenergetic incident neutrons in the energy range from 0.025 eV to 14 MeV at multiple incident angles. The shielding material of interest was taken to be standard Portland concrete. The transmitted neutron and gamma-ray ambient dose rate was calculated first and then used for total buildup factor calculations. Perhaps more telling than the calculated theoretical buildup factor, the credible dispersion in expected resultant buildup factors was also calculated by conducting a very rudimentary sensitivity analysis, varying the water content in the first case and then varying the amount of aggregate. An additional aim of this work is to provide a model based on the machine-learning technique called the support vector regression method in the calculation of concrete buildup factors.

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