Effects of individual and neighborhood factors on maternal care in Cambodia

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Abstract

This study analyzed data from the 2005 Cambodia Demographic and Health Survey to examine the effects of individual- and community-level factors on the receipt of four or more antenatal care visits, receipt of antenatal care within the first trimester of pregnancy, delivery in a health facility and delivery by trained medical professional. The findings demonstrate that age at birth, parity level, educational attainment, household wealth, occupation, media exposure and counseling about pregnancy complications are significant determinants of pregnancy care. There is also a strong evidence of the impact of community-level factors on the utilization of maternal health services. Programs to improve maternal health outcomes must take into account covariates at multiple levels of influence to better address the needs of women of reproductive age in Cambodia.

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