Intracochlear pressure in response to high intensity, low frequency sounds in chinchilla


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Abstract

Exposure to high intensity (blast) sounds can result in both conductive and sensorineural damage to hearing. This includes rupture of the tympanic membrane and dislocation of the middle ear ossicles, as well as damage to the inner and outer hair cells in the cochlea. A clearer understanding of how the hearing system responds to blast could help us better prevent auditory trauma, and support those who have been exposed to such sounds.Chinchillas are often used in studies of hearing due to the similarity between the chinchilla and human audiograms. The suitability of their use in research on auditory trauma from blast noise will depend on the extent to which cochlear pressures generated in chinchillas compare to those in humans. In order to gain a more detailed understanding of the response of the ear to high intensity sounds, a custom built sound concentrating horn was used to expose chinchilla cadaveric ears to a series of single frequency tones between 10 and 1280 Hz, with varying intensities from 90 to 194 dB SPL while intracochlear pressures were measured simultaneously in the scala vestibuli and scala tympani. These results were then compared to similar, previously published data from human cadavers.In both human and chinchillas, intracochlear pressures increased with applied sound pressure up to about 120 dB SPL, but began to saturate at higher intensities. The exact saturation point and the saturation pressures showed a strong frequency dependence. Intracochlear pressure magnitudes in chinchillas show some similarities with those measured in humans, but also significant differences, particularly at very high intensity levels such as those found in a blast. These differences should be taken into account when conducting blast studies in chinchillas.HighlightsIntracochlear pressure magnitudes measured in chinchillas show a strong dependence on stimulation frequency.The ratio of intracochlear pressure to ear canal pressure decreases with increasing ear canal pressure.Chinchilla intracochlear pressures are comparable to human intracochlear pressures at low (< 1 Pa) sound intensities.Chinchilla intracochlear pressures are around one tenth the size of those found in humans at high (>1 kPa) sound intensities.

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