1 The protective effects of dithiothreitol (DTT) on cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity were investigated with rat renal cortical slices.
2 The nephrotoxic effects of cisplatin (2 mmol l-1) were manifested in several ways: the Na+ and water content were increased while K+ was decreased. The malondiadehyde (MDA) concentration in the slices and the lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) released into the medium were increased. The uptake of p-aminohippurate (PAH), the synthesis of glucose and the glutathione (GSH) concentration in the slices were all decreased.
3 Despite a DTT-related increase in platinum (Pt) uptake by the slices, DTT (0.5-2 mmol I-1 ) ameliorated all these toxic effects of cisplatin in a concentration related manner.
4 The results suggest that the protective mechanism of DTT is its antioxidative action, DTT is also a metal chelator, however, and so a protective effect via chelation of Pt by DTT cannot be excluded.