Periprosthetic pathology in ‘at risk’ ceramic-on-polyethylene total hip arthroplasty: a clinical study using MARS-MRI in 50 patients

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Abstract

Purpose:

Recent studies of metal-on-metal (MoM) total hip arthroplasty (THA) using metal-artefact-reducing-sequence software for magnetic resonance Imaging (MARS-MRI) have revealed remarkable soft tissue pathology around the hip, usually referred to as pseudotumours. Case reports describe identical pathology in non-MoM THA, but descriptive overviews of MRI abnormalities in patients with non-MoM prosthesis are scarce.

Methods:

A clinical study in a cohort of 50 ceramic-on-polyethylene (CoP) THA selected for high risk of peri-prosthetic pathology including 2 subgroups: (i) 40 patients with a high polyethylene (PE) wear rate (>0.2 mm per year) and 5–12 years follow-up; (ii) 10 patients with a 2 to 5 years follow-up and a documented history of persistent complaints. All patients were clinically evaluated, MARS-MRIs were completed and chrome and cobalt serum samples were taken.

Results:

17 scans were normal (34%). Periprosthetic fluid collections were seen as a bursae iliopsoas (n = 12, 24%), in the trochanter bursae (n = 4, 8%) and in the surgical tract (n = 9, 18%). 1 case demonstrated a cyst on MARS-MRI resembling a pseudotumour as seen with MoM THA (2%). Intraosseous acetabular cysts were seen in 12 cases (24%), intraosseous trochanteric cysts in 10 cases (20%).

Conclusions:

Soft tissue abnormalities after non-MoM THA are common in selected patients and can be clearly visualised with MARS-MRI. Pseudotumours as seen on MARS-MRI do occur in non-MoM hip arthroplasty but with low prevalence.

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