Stem anteversion affects periprosthetic bone mineral density after total hip arthroplasty

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Abstract

Aims:

The present study aimed to evaluate periprosthetic bone mineral density (BMD) changes around a cementless short tapered-wedge stem used for total hip arthroplasty (THA) and to determine the correlation between BMD changes and stem alignment after THA.

Methods:

The study included 21 patients (21 joints) who underwent THA with a TriLock stem. At baseline and 6, 12, 18, and 24 months postoperatively, the BMDs in the 7 Gruen zones were evaluated using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. BMD changes and stem alignment, that is, anteversion, varus, and anterior tilt, were correlated.

Results:

Minimal BMD changes were found in the distal femur (Gruen zones 3, 4, and 5), but significant BMD loss was noted in zone 7. BMD loss was also noted in zone 1 at 6 and 12 months postoperatively, but it recovered after 18 months. No correlation was found between BMD changes and anterior tilt. However, significant negative correlations were found between BMD changes and anteversion. Furthermore, significant negative correlations were found between BMD changes and varus in Gruen zone 1, while positive correlations were found between BMD changes and varus in Gruen zone 7.

Conclusions:

We demonstrated that periprosthetic BMD was well maintained in the proximal femur after THA with a short tapered-wedge stem and that stem anteversion affects periprosthetic BMD after THA.

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