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A series of polyimides (PIs) derived from 1,4-cyclohexylene bis(trimellitate anhydride) (TACH) was synthesized by conventional two-step method with chemical imidization. The resulting PIs had glass transition temperatures (Tgs) in the range of 188–240°C and exhibited good mechanical properties with tensile strengths of 50.0–90.2 MPa, tensile moduli of 2.2–3.9 GPa, and elongations at break of 2.9–5.8%. These PI films showed high optical transparency with cut-off wavelengths of 345–369 nm and high transmittance at 500 nm with more than 84%. Compared with PIs derived from 1,4-bis(3,4-dicarboxyphenoxy)cyclohexane dianhydride, the TACH-based PIs showed higher Tg, better solubility, and competitive transparency.