Characterization and thermal degradation kinetics of thermoplastic polyimide based on BAPP

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Abstract

Two kinds of thermoplastic polyimides (PIs) were synthesized via a two-step method with 2,2-bis[4-(4-aminophenoxy)phenyl]propane (BAPP), 4,4′-oxydianiline (ODA) diamine, and 3,3′,4,4′-benzophenonetetracarboxylic dianhydride (BTDA), and their thermal degradation kinetics was studied by thermogravimetric analysis at different heating rates under nitrogen. Derivative thermogravimetric analysis curves indicated a simple, single-stage degradation process in PI BTDA-BAPP and a two-stage degradation process in PI BTDA-ODA-BAPP. The activation energies (Eas) of the thermal degradation reaction were determined by the Flynn–Wall–Ozawa and Kissinger–Akahira–Sunose methods without a knowledge of the kinetic reaction mechanism. By comparing the values of Ea and weight loss temperatures, it was demonstrated that the thermal stability of PI BTDA-ODA-BAPP was superior to that of PI BTDA-BAPP.

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