Here we report two cases of follicular lymphoma that transformed to CD30 positive diffuse large B cell lymphoma and review the literature on this topic.Results:
The first case represents an example of early transformation of conventional low-grade follicular lymphoma to CD30-positive large B cell lymphoma. Immunoglobulin (Ig)H and cytogenetic identity was demonstrated between both components. High-dose and auto-stem cell transplant (SCT) was applied and complete response was achieved. The second case represents an example of d'emblee transformation of intrafollicular neoplasia to CD30-positive large B cell lymphoma. Immunoglobulin K deleting element (IgKde) and cytogenetic identity between both phases was demonstrated. The patient was in partial response after four cycles of rituximab plus cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine and prednisone (R-CHOP).Conclusions:
CD30 expression was found to be associated in these cases to the transformation event and could be considered a therapeutic target to add to conventional immunochemotherapeutic regimens, even in combination with auto-SCT. We suggest looking for CD30 expression in transformed follicular lymphoma cases.