Medical mistrust and patient satisfaction with mammography: the mediating effects of perceived self-efficacy among navigated African American women

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Abstract

Background

Medical mistrust is salient among African American women, given historic and contemporary racism within medical settings. Mistrust may influence satisfaction among navigated women by affecting women's perceptions of their health-care self-efficacy and their providers' roles in follow-up of abnormal test results.

Objectives

To (i) examine whether general medical mistrust and health-care self-efficacy predict satisfaction with mammography services and (ii) test the mediating effects of health-related self-efficacy.

Design

The current study is a part of a randomized controlled patient navigation trial for medically underserved women who had received a physician referral to obtain a mammogram in three community hospitals in Chicago, IL. After consent, 671 African American women with no history of cancer completed questionnaires concerning medical mistrust and received navigation services. After their mammography appointment, women completed health-care self-efficacy and patient satisfaction questionnaires.

Results

Women with lower medical mistrust and greater perceived self-efficacy reported greater satisfaction with care. Medical mistrust was directly and indirectly related to patient satisfaction through self-efficacy.

Conclusions

Preliminary findings suggest future programmes designed to increase health-care self-efficacy may improve patient satisfaction among African American women with high levels of medical mistrust. Our findings add to a growing body of literature indicating the importance of self-efficacy and active participation in health care, especially among the underserved.

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