Identification of interactive networks of gene expression associated with osteosarcoma oncogenesis by integrated molecular profiling

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid

Abstract

Altered gene expression in tumors can be caused by copy number alterations to DNA or mutation affecting coding or regulatory regions of genes. However, epigenetic events may also influence gene expression. Malignant cells can show major disruptions in DNA methylation profiles, which are manifested as aberrant hypermethylation or as hypomethylation of gene promoters, as well as global genomic hypomethylation. In this study we performed integrative whole-genome analysis of DNA copy number, promoter methylation and gene expression using 10 osteosarcomas. We identified significant changes including: hypomethylation, gain, and overexpression of histone cluster 2 genes at chromosome 1q21.1-q21.3; loss of chromosome 8p21.2-p21.3 and underexpression of DOCK5 and TNFRSF10A/D genes; and amplification-related overexpression of RUNX2 at chromosome 6p12.3-p21.1. Amplification and overexpression of RUNX2 could disrupt G2/M cell cycle checkpoints, and downstream osteosarcoma-specific changes, such as failure of bone differentiation and genomic polyploidization. Failure of DOCK5-signaling, together with p53 and TNFRSF10A/D-related cell cycle and death pathways, may play a critical role in abrogating apoptosis. Our analyses show that the RUNX2 interactome may be constitutively activated in osteosarcoma, and that the downstream intracellular pathways are strongly associated with the regulation of osteoblast differentiation and control of cell cycle and apoptosis in osteosarcoma.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles