Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis after allogeneic bone marrow transplantation during chronic norovirus infection

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Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a macrophage activating syndrome that is known to develop in patients with autoimmune disease, malignancies or infection, for example with Epstein–Barr virus, cytomegalovirus or varicella zoster virus. We describe a 24-month old boy with acute myelogenous leukaemia relapse and allogeneic bone marrow transplantation, who developed HLH on day +40 during chronic infection with norovirus. Here, we report for the first time the development of HLH in combination with chronic norovirus infection after allogeneic bone marrow transplantation in a hematopoietic malignancy. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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