Fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) and chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) are not new conditions, but they are receiving more attention as more research is conducted. These two conditions are primarily women's health problems. In some instances, there may be a genetic predisposition for these conditions. The impact of FMS and CFS can be devastating both physically and emotionally. The treatment plan must be interdisciplinary and holistic and include alternative therapies if the client and family are to be truly supported and helped in coping with these chronic conditions.